Wednesday, September 4, 2019

Edsons and Carlsons Raiders Essay -- essays research papers fc

OUTLINE I. Introduction. The Marine Corps today has developed itself into an elite fighting force based on strong naval traditions. The basic Marine is amphibious, which means that the warrior is capable of fighting on land and sea. The idea of an amphibious landing was developed through the training of the Marine Raider Battalions, which was tested and perfected in combat. Although there were two Raider Commanders with very different views on how to prepare their marines, Evans Carlson and Merritt Edson were responsible for training lightly armed Marines for amphibious assaults. II. Body. 1. Historical Background a.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Forming of the Marine Raiders b.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Evans Carlson, Commanding Officer, 2nd Raider Battalion c.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Merritt Edson, Commanding Officer, 1st Raider Battalion 2. Training a.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Carlson’s Training b.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Edson’s Training c.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  The Amphibious Raid d.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Close-In Fighting e.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Combatative Conditioning f.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  State of Combat Readiness 3. Significant Battles a.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Makin Island, 2nd Raider Battalion b.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Guadalcanal, 1st Raider Battalion c.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Guadalcanal, 2nd Raider Battalion d.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Forming of the 3rd and 4th Raider Battalions 4.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Summary a.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Strengths of the Raider Battalions b.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Weaknesses of the Raider Battalions c.  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Dissolving of the Raider Battalions into the infantry units. III. Conclusion. The Marine Raider Battalions developed an elite fighting force within an elite service. There still exist today the elite units of the Marine Corps, such as the Force Reconnaissance Battalions and the Special Operation Capable Units, but the Raider Battalions were the first specialist of the amphibious doctrines. Although the amphibious landing has been preformed throughout the ages since the invention of the water-bearing vessels, the Marine Raider Battalions tested and perfected this combat operation. Although the two Raider Commanders had very different views on how to prepare their marine... ...s. (New York, New York:HarperCollins, 1997) Alexander, Joseph H. Storm Landings: Epic Amphibious Battles in the Central Pacific. (Annapolis,Maryland: Naval Institute, 1997) Alexander, Joseph H. Utmost Savagery: The Three Days of Tarawa. (Annapolis, Maryland:Naval Institute Press, 1995) Asprey, Robert B. Semper Fidelis: The United Sates Marines In World War II. (New York, New York:W.W. Norton & Company, 1967) Griffith, Samuel B. The Battle for Guadalcanal. (Philadelphia, Pennsyvania:J.B. Lippincott Company, 1963) Hoffman, John T. From Makin to Bougainville: Marine Raiders In the Pacific War. (Washington, District of Columbia: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1995) Hoffman, John T. Once a Legend: â€Å"Red Mike† Edson of the Marine Raiders. (Novato, California:Presido, 1994) Hoyt, Edwin P. The Marine Raiders. (New York, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1989) Isely, Jeter A. and Philip A. Crowl. The U.S. Marines and Amphibious War: Its Theory, and Its Practice in the Pacific. (Princeton, New Jersey:Princeton University, 1951) Marine Corps Monographs, First Greenwood Reprint. The Guadalcanal Campaign. (New York, New York:Greenwood Press, 1969)

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